Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS

In 2018, the non-ETS sectors greenhouse gas emissions (not covered by the European Unionʹs emissions trading system: housing, transport, services, agriculture, etc.) in Belgium amounted to 71.4 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, that figure must be reduced to 51.2 million tonnes. The Federal Planning Bureauʹs projections (available in April 2019) indicate that this objective will not be reached. Non-ETS greenhouse gas emissions are therefore developing unfavourably.

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Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - Belgium - trend assessment

million tonnes CO2 equivalent

 2000200520102015201620172018202020252030
observations--78.878.072.774.170.871.4------
projection (April 2019)--------------72.070.569.9
objective 203051.251.251.251.251.251.251.251.251.251.2

Eurostat (2019), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [t2020_35], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 26/03/2019); FPB (2017), Le paysage énergétique belge à l?horizon 2050 - Perspectives à politique inchangée.

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - Belgium

million tonnes CO2 equivalent

 20052010201320152016201720182018//20052018//2013
Belgium78.878.074.372.774.170.871.4-0.8-0.8
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2020), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [t2020_35], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 17/03/2020).

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - EU27

billion tonnes CO2 equivalent

 20052010201320152016201720182018//20052018//2013
EU272.42.42.22.22.22.32.2-0.70.0
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2020), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [t2020_35], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 17/03/2020).

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - Belgium and international comparison

tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita

 20052010201320152016201720182018//20052018//2013
Belgium7.57.16.76.56.56.26.2-1.4-1.3
EU275.65.45.04.95.05.15.0-0.9-0.2
//: Average Growth Rates

Calculations FPB based on Eurostat (2020), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [t2020_35] and Population change - Demographic balance and crude rates at national level, Population on 1 January [demo_gind], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 17/03/2020).

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS by region - Belgium

tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita

 201320142015201620172017//2013
Brussels-Capital Region3.43.03.13.23.1-2.7
Flemish Region7.26.77.07.16.7-1.8
Walloon Region6.86.56.66.76.5-1.1
//: Average Growth Rates

National Climate Commission (2020), Report Soldes ESD régionaux, in French and Dutch (consulted on 17/03/2020).

Definition: this indicator measures greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from sectors that are not covered by the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS). ETS was established in 2005 in the European Union for companies emitting high levels of CO2 (e.g. power generation, metallurgy, non-metallic ores or fertilisers). GHG emissions are therefore divided into emissions from the ETS sector and emissions from non-ETS sectors, which mainly include transport (excluding aviation), services, housing, agriculture, waste and industries not covered by the ETS. The indicator is expressed in millions of tonnes of CO2 equivalent (Mt CO2 eq.). Comparisons between EU28 countries are based on emissions per capita. Data come from Eurostat.

Goal: GHG emissions from non-ETS sectors must be reduced by 35% between 2005 and 2030.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include goal 13: “Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts".

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development includes objective 31: "The Belgian GHG emissions will be reduced domestically by at least 80% to 95% by 2050 as compared to their 1990 level"(Belgian Official Gazette, 08/10/2013).

At European level, the 2030 Climate and Energy Framework aims to reduce non-ETS emissions by 40%. Regulation (EU) 2018/842 on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions allocates this target among the Member States (Official Journal of the European Union,19/06/2018). The target set for Belgium is a 35% reduction between 2005 and 2030. This value is considered as a target, even if the directive includes flexibility mechanisms that would allow it to be marginally modified.

International comparison: between 2005 and 2018, the decrease in non-ETS GHG emissions in Belgium (-9.4%) was higher than that observed in the EU27 (-8.5%). When it comes to emissions per capita, non-ETS emissions of Belgium reach 6.2 tonnes per capita, compared to an EU27 average of 5.0 tonnes in 2018. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the poorest performance in 2018. Only Luxembourg and Ireland have higher emissions per capita.

UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to goal 13 because the fight against climate change requires a significant reduction in GHG emissions.

Sources

More information is available in French and Dutch.