Primary energy consumption

In 2018, primary energy consumption was 2.0 exajoules in Belgium. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must decrease.

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Primary energy consumption - Belgium

exajoules (EJ)

 19901995200020052010201320152016201720182018//19902018//2013
Belgium1.912.022.202.162.272.061.932.062.061.960.09-0.99
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2020), Tables environment and energy - Energy. Complete energy balances, annual data [nrg_bal_c], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 13/03/2020).

Primary energy consumption - EU27

exajoules (EJ)

 19901995200020052010201320152016201720182018//19902018//2013
EU2757.2356.7958.5162.7261.0858.0256.7157.1958.0157.600.02-0.15
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2020), Tables environment and energy - Energy. Complete energy balances, annual data [nrg_bal_c], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 13/03/2020).

Primary energy consumption - Belgium and international comparison

gigajoules (GJ) per capita

 19901995200020052010201320152016201720182018//19902018//2013
Belgium191.67199.24214.16206.02207.57185.10171.04181.73180.70171.61-0.39-1.50
EU27136.66133.85136.43144.13138.71131.24127.66128.47130.12129.01-0.21-0.34
//: Average Growth Rates

Calculations FPB based on Eurostat (2020), Tables environment and energy - Energy. Complete energy balances, annual data [nrg_bal_c] and population [demo_gind], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 13/03/2020).

Definition: primary energy consumption is the energy imported or produced in Belgium before any processing (mainly oil refining and power generation), excluding exports, marine bunkers (fuel provided to ships for international journeys) and non-energy uses (for example oil used as raw material in the chemical industry). The indicator is expressed in exajoules (EJ= 1018 joules). EU countries are compared on the basis of primary energy consumption per inhabitant. The indicator is calculated by the FPB on the basis of data from Eurostat.

Goal: the primary energy consumption must reach 1,39 EJ in 2030.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 7.3: “By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency”.

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development includes objective 18: “The increase in the energy efficiency of products will continue to be pursued with a view to reducing final energy consumption” (Belgian Official Gazette, 08/10/2013).

The 2030 EU Climate and Energy Framework sets, among other things, a target of 27% energy efficiency increase. The draft National Energy and Climate Plan (CONCERE and Commission nationale climat, 2018) submitted to the Commission in December sets a target for Belgium of 1,39 EJ in 2030.

International comparison: the primary energy consumption in the EU27 increased from the nineties to 2006 when it reached a maximum amount of 63.3 EJ. Then it decreased to reach 57.6 EJ in 2018. The primary energy consumption per inhabitant is higher in Belgium than in the EU27. The gap remained stable over time. This is due to the large number of intermediate goods industries (steel industry, chemical industry) consuming large amounts of energy and to the poor insulation of the building stock in Belgium. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the poorest performance in 2018.

In Belgium, such as at European level (Eurostat, 2015), the evolution of the indicator since the mid-2000s is primarily due to the implementation of energy efficiency policies, the economic slowdown that followed the economic crisis, climate variations, as well as changes in the economic structure (including changes in the weight of industry over time).

UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to target 7.3. Indeed, the increase in energy efficiency results in a decrease in primary energy consumption. Both concepts are therefore directly related.

Sources

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