Inadequate dwelling

In 2018, 18% of the population in Belgium lived in a dwelling with a leaking roof, damp walls, floors or foundations, or with rot in the window frames or the floor. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must decrease. Between 2003 and 2017 (assessment of June 2019), the trend is unfavourable.

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Inadequate dwelling - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of total population

 200320052010201320152016201720182018//20032018//2013
Belgium13.715.019.018.118.219.318.518.01.8-0.1
EU28----16.115.615.215.413.3------
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series: 2009 BE, estimate: 2018 EU28

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_mdho01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 27/09/2019).

Inadequate dwelling by sex - Belgium

percentage of population

 200320052010201320152016201720182018//20032018//2013
females14.415.419.217.918.219.618.718.31.60.4
males12.914.618.718.318.218.918.417.72.1-0.7
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series: 2009 BE

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_mdho01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 27/09/2019).

Inadequate dwelling by age - Belgium

percentage of population

 200320052010201320152016201720182018//20032018//2013
<1815.418.423.020.822.022.522.021.52.30.7
18-6413.914.719.018.918.619.919.618.82.0-0.1
>6410.411.513.611.612.413.511.211.60.70.0
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series: 2009 BE

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_mdho01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 27/09/2019).

Inadequate dwelling by household type - Belgium

percentage of population

 200320052010201320152016201720182018//20032018//2013
single person15.216.419.820.318.419.618.418.11.2-2.3
single person with dependent children22.628.832.427.129.128.824.829.01.71.4
two adults12.710.613.814.214.616.314.513.20.3-1.4
two adults with one dependent child13.113.720.717.814.215.617.616.81.7-1.1
two adults with two dependent children12.111.615.717.318.416.516.316.11.9-1.4
two adults with three or more dependent children16.420.221.420.724.024.125.024.22.63.2
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series: 2009 BE

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_mdho01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 27/09/2019).

Inadequate dwelling by income - Belgium

percentage of population

 200320052010201320152016201720182018//20032018//2013
below 60% of median equivalised income19.725.130.227.130.930.427.726.31.9-0.6
above 60% of median equivalised income12.613.317.016.516.017.216.816.31.7-0.2
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series: 2009 BE

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_mdho01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 27/09/2019).

Definition: the share of the population living in a dwelling with a leaking roof, damp walls, floors or foundations, or rot in the window frames or the floor. The data are based on the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey. Statistics Belgium organises this EU-harmonised survey in Belgium and makes the results available, in particular to Eurostat. The data used here come from Eurostat, which publishes detailed and comparable results between EU Member States. Since these data are based on a survey, a margin of uncertainty must be taken into account. The confidence intervals are available on request from Statistics Belgium.

Goal: the share of the population living in inadequate dwellings must decrease.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 11.1: “By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums”.

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development includes the following objective: “The preconditions for the well-being of citizens will be met, i.e. [...] decent housing” (introduction of the challenge A society promoting social cohesion; Belgian Official Gazette, 08/10/2013).

International comparison: In 2017, the share of the population living in inadequate dwellings (18.5%) is higher in Belgium than in the EU28 (13.3%). The difference between the EU28 and Belgium increases from 2.9 to 5.2 percentage points between 2010 and 2017. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the poorest performance in 2017.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 11.1.1 - Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing.

Sources

More information is available in French and Dutch.